Globalization and the Nation State: A Poulantzian Approach

Aslıhan Çoban Balcı

Having reviewed the major theoretical elements of Nicos Poulantzas’ theory of capitalist state, this article questions the alleged loose of nation-states in relation with his theoretical perspective. Poulantzas explains the functioning of the modern state with the conception of institutional materiality of the capitalist state. That is, state power has no locality rather state apparatus materialize and concentrate the power. States are the major subjects of the global relation of domination and in order to secure its reproduction and legitimization, international capital accumulation still needs organized national territories. Therefore, the process of globalization will not bring an end; rather reconfigure the role of capitalist states. Also, as far as the flexible labour forms are promoted and the deregulation is imposed on them by international capital, systematical authoritarian control will grow within the nation states. Poulantzas makes an invaluable contribution to the conception of globalization with his identification of it with the new phase of imperialism, particularly the American imperialism.

Keywords:  Poulantzas, globalization, capitalist state, institutional materiality, authoritarianism