Two Positions on the Social Construction of the Women’s Emancipation in Class Societies: Marxist Feminism and Socialist Feminism

Erdem Ayçiçek

The aim of this paper is to evaluate Marxist feminism which allocates the sovereignty relationship between man and woman, established in favor of man, in terms of class differences, and Socialist feminism, which presents itself and its counter arguments in terms of a proportional distancing from the former. The importance of Marxist feminism lies in the way it deals with the matter of woman from a historical materialist basis. Socialist feminism, on the other hand, is well worth studying for the alternative theoretical avenues it creates. Both feminist approaches enable the issue to deepen by defining as a way to debate and keeping debate channels open after defining. Marxist feminism has generated a new perspective to feminist studies by translating the matter into an ownership problematic, while Socialist feminism has criticized this translation as being too centered on gender . In effect, the actual importance of Marxist feminism is that it problematises the matter as a sole and unchangeable coefficient of the given system. In other words, it presents the contextual reality of the capitalism and patriarchy, which is adjacent to capitalism, without staying within these absolute progresses.

Keywords: Marxist feminism, socialist feminism, political organising, patriarchy, capitalist exploitation