Kipling’in “The Return of Imray” ve “The Mark of The Beast” Hikayelerinin Oryantalist Bir Değerlendirmesi

Nilay Erdem Ayyıldız

The aim of this study is to analyse Rudyard Kipling’s two stories entitled “The Return of Imray” and “The Mark of The Beast”. The study asserts that Kipling takes a colonialist side and seeks to justify colonialism through his selected stories. Kipling is one of the most significant authors representative of the Victorian period when colonialism reached its peak in Britain. In the two stories considered, the author creates a detective who solves the mystery concerning the colonisers, Imray and Fleete, who have been sent to the colonial land; it is this detective who finds out that the murderer is a native. From the chosen setting, the depicted atmosphere and the portrayal of characters to the actions in the stories, every detail draws attention to the writer’s colonialist discourse. The writer intends to prove the superiority of the coloniser to the colonised within a strict framework of such binary oppositions as “us” versus “the other” or “the Orient” versus “the Occident”. Therefore, regarding Orientalism as an effective instrument to legitimise Western dominance as a force over the colonised, Said’s Orientalist theory has been taken as a guide throughout the study.

Keywords: The Victorian period, colonialism, Orientalism, binary oppositions.